Muscle Stimulation Studies
schwa-medico has been collecting studies on Muscle Stimulation over the last 35 years. We have selected a few of them with interesting indication and results as you can find bellow.

Ada L, Foongchomcheay A (2002) Efficacy of electrical stimulation in preventing or reducing subluxation of the shoulder after stroke: A meta-analysis. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy 48: 257-267

Bircan C, Senocak O, Peker O, Kaya A, Tamc S A, Gulbahar S, Akalin E (2002) Efficacy of two forms of electrical stimulation in increasing quadriceps strength: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation 16: 194-199

Callaghan M J, Oldham J A (2004) Electric muscle stimulation of the quadriceps in the treatment of patellofemoral pain 85: 956-962

Chae J, Bethoux F, Bohinc T, Dobos T, Davis T, Friedl A (1998) Neuromuscular stimulation for upper extremity motor and functional recovery in acute hemiplegia. Stroke 29: 975-979

Chen S C, Chen Y L, Chen C J, Lai C H, Chiang W H, Chen W L (2005) Disability & Rehabilitation 27,3: 105-110

Kamper D G, Yasukawa A M, Barret K M, Gaebler-Spira D J (2006) Effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation treatment of cerebral palsy on potential impairment mechanisms: a pilot study. Pediatric Physical Therapy 18: 31-38

Lyons C L, Robb J B, Fitzgerald G K (2005) Differences in quadriceps femoris muscle torque when using a clinical electrical stimulator versus a portable electrical stimulator. Phys Ther 85: 44-51

Mann G E, Burridge J H, Malone L J, Strike P W (2005) A pilot study to investigate the effects on recovery of hand function and sensation in subacute stroke patients. Neuromodulation 8,3: 193

Moore S R, Shurman J (1997) Combined neuromuscular electrical stimulation and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for treatment of chronic back pain: a double-blind, repeated measures comparison. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 78:55-60

Neder J A, Sword D, Ward S A, Mackay E, Cochrane L M, Clark C J (2002) Home based neuromuscular electrical stimulation as a new rehabilitative strategy for severely disabled patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thora 57:333-337

Powell J, Pandyan D, Granat M, Cameron M, Stott D (1999)Electrical stimulation of wrist extensors in poststroke hemiplegia. Stroke 30: 1384-1389

Vinge O, Edvardsen L, Jensen F, Jensen F G, Wernerman J, Kehlet H (1996) Effect of transcutaneous electrical muscle stimulation on postoperative muscle mass and protein synthesis. British Journal of Surgery 83: 360-363

Vivodtzev I, Pépin J-L, Vottero G, Mayer V, Porsin B, Lévy P, Wuyam B (2006) Improvement in quadriceps strength and dyspnea in daily tasks after 1 month of electrical stimulation in severely deconditioned and malnourishes COPD. Ches 129: 1540-1548

Zanotti E, Felicetti G, Maini M, Fracchia C (2003) Peripheral muscle strength training in bed-bounded patients with COPD receiving mechanical ventilation. Chest 124: 292-296


Encouragement in practicing acupuncture and electro-acupuncture in spinal cord injuries
Low Level Laser Therapy in the treatment of chronic lymphedema
TENS Studies

Laser Studies

 Muscle Stimulation Studies